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European Eagle Owl

"Hector"

Hector our gentle giant. He is a European Eagle owl and the largest and heaviest owl in our team by a long way. When he’s happy and full, he makes a deep ‘hoo-ooo’ hooting sound all night long. He can be seen swooping over lines of people at our shows, almost low enough to touch them.

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EUROPEAN EAGLE OWL FACTS

Bubo bubo

  

TERRITORY/LOCATION

Besides being one of the largest living species of owl, it is also one of the most widely distributed, it’s found in many habitats but is mostly a bird of mountain regions, coniferous forests, steppes and other relatively remote places.

HABITAT

They have been found in habitats as diverse as northern coniferous forests to the edge of vast deserts, living in almost every climatic and environmental condition on the European continent, They are often found in the largest numbers in areas where cliffs and ravines are surrounded by a scattering of trees and bushes. Grassland areas such as alpine meadows or desert-like steppe can also host them so long as they have the cover and protection of rocky areas.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

DIET

Eagle Owls will eat almost anything the moves - from beetles to roe deer fawns, mammals (Voles, rats, mice, foxes, hares etc...), but birds of all kinds are also taken, including crows, ducks, grouse, seabirds, and even other birds of prey (including other owls). Other prey taken include snakes, lizards, frogs, fish, and crabs.

SIZE/WEIGHT

Females can grow to a total length of 56 to75 cm , with a wingspan of 131–188 cm, weighing from 1550-4200g males being slightly smaller.

NESTING

Eagle-owls will defend their territories all year around, but territorial calling appears to peak around October to early January. It typically breeds on cliff ledges, in gullies, among rocks or in other concealed locations. Usually clutch size is 1 to 4 Fledged young are cared for by both parents for about 20-24 weeks.

LIFE EXPECTANCY

20 years in the wild

60 years in captivity

SCIENTIFIC

CLASSIFICATION

KINGDOM

Animalia

PHYLUM

Chordata

CLASS

Aves

ORDER

Strigiformes

FAMILY

Tytonidae

GENUS

Tyto

SPECIES

T. alba

DID YOU KNOW?

There are approximately between 12 and 40 pairs are thought to reside in the United Kingdom as of 2016.

The BOU Records Committee compiled a dossier on the eagle owl during an assessment of its status in 1996. An extensive review revealed at least 79 reports of this species since 1684.

The British Bird Of Prey Centre

Got a Question?

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Birds of Prey